Drakes Head, Point Reyes: Estero Trailhead, San Francisco: Marin Headlands - Mt Tamalpais - Point Reyes, California
Drakes Head - 9.0 miles
Point Reyes: Estero Trailhead
|Round-Trip Length:||9.0 miles|
|Start-End Elevation:||153' - 148' (243' max elevation)|
|Elevation Change:||-5' net elevation loss (+837' total roundtrip elevation gain)|
Drakes Head - 9.0 Miles Round-Trip
Estero - Spanish for Estuary - is a semi-enclosed coastal body of water with fresh water influx and a free connection to the open sea. Contributions from each make estuaries one of the most biologically rich and diverse ecosystems on earth.
Drakes Estero covers approximately 2000 acres: seagrass beds and tidal mud flats are primary sub-habitats in the estuary-proper, with salt marshes and intertidal zones on the periphery.
Expansive mudflats and eelgrass beds serve as foraging and breeding grounds for many birds, fish and pinnipeds. The US Shorebird Conservation Plan recognizes Drakes Estero as one of the most crucial areas for migratory shorebirds and waterfowl in California.
In the summer of 1579 English explorer Sir Francis Drake careened his ship on the shores of this massive inlet for repairs and replenishment. He's believed to have spent 36 days ashore exploring and documenting the land, wildlife and native people before claiming it for England and continuing southwest to complete his global circumnavigation.
Today the estuary, bay and most prominent bluff above it - Drakes Head - bear his name.
Drakes Head caps a tall bluff with commanding views of the estero, Pacific Ocean, Limantour Spit, Estero de Limantour, Drakes Beach and Chimney Rock. Though the southernmost tip of Drakes Head is perilously steep, hikers may find safe scrambling routes down Estero de Limantour (east), or a narrow inlet (west):
The Estero Trail begins on double track through open rolling hills to a thin band of pine (.65 miles : 117'). The trail emerges on the water's edge and crosses Home Bay over a narrow isthmus to the west of Drakes Headland (1.2 miles : 14').
The crossing is a particularly good place to observe scores of sea and marshland bird species that inhabit these overlapping ecosystems. Look for seals lounging on sprawling mudflats at low tide.
Once across, the rutted-out trail rises sharply up the headland to a gate (1.65 miles : 140'); pass through the turnstile and begin a series of moderately-steep undulations above Drakes Estero.
Trail conditions vary, but are generally uneven and worsened by rain. High points yield terrific views across the Estero, and of minor inlets such as Schooner Bay, Creamery Bay and Barries Bay. The shallower waters below are used today by Johnson's Oyster Farm.
Turn left at the Sunset Beach - Estero Trail split for Drakes Head (2.55 miles : 148') . The Estero Trail rises sharply for .25 miles to a cattle tank and marked junction that guides you on a hard right turn through a cattle turnstile (2.8 miles : 215').
It's worth noting that few maps adequately illustrate this important change of direction, and that numerous conjoining cattle trails en route should be ignored.
Once through the turnstile, the trail parallels a cattle fence (with guidance from small blue arrow signs) for .45 miles to the Drakes Head Trail junction (3.25 miles : 225'). Hemmed in between this fence and heavily used pastoral land, a close brush or two with free-range cattle can be expected; exercise patience and common sense if confronted.
Bear right (south) on the Drakes Head Trail, which dips through open space cut by intersecting cattle trails; directional vigilance with an eye to the south should keep you on track. These heavily grazed fields blaze green after winter rains, sparkle with spring wildflowers and turn gold in the fall.
The Estero de Limantour comes into clear view as you approach 4 miles and momentarily slide down the headland spine toward it.
Anticipate an anonymous wood post marking an abrupt right turn back up the headland spine (4.25 miles). A more visible cattle tank and pocket of pine in the near distance are useful reference points.
The trail is now intuitively followed to Drakes Head (4.5 miles : 148'). Though the southernmost tip of Drakes Head is perilously steep, there are several decent scrambling routes down to the Estero de Limantour (east), or a narrow inlet (west).
- N38 04.884 W122 54.849 — 0.0 miles : Estero Trailhead
- N38 04.462 W122 54.876 — .65 miles : Skirt thin coastal pine glade
- N38 04.165 W122 55.047 — 1.2 miles : Exit glade and cross bridge over Home Bay
- N38 03.936 W122 55.263 — 1.65 miles : Climb headland and pass through gate
- N38 03.414 W122 55.460 — 2.55 miles : Estero Trail - Sunset Beach Trail junction
- N38 03.293 W122 55.284 — 2.8 miles : Hard right @ water tank
- N38 03.109 W122 54.954 — 3.25 miles : Drakes Head Trail junction - bear right
- N38 02.237 W122 54.953 — 4.25 miles : Bear right at anonymous post
- N38 02.022 W122 54.953 — 4.5 miles : Drakes Head
- The Limantour Estero, Beach and Spit are named after French explorer Jose Yves Limantour, whose ship and crew were stranded on the spit in 1861.
- Although most flowering plants cannot tolerate salt, specially adapted wetland plants thrive in the estero. Pickleweed is one of the most common plants found in this habitat.
- Over 400 bird species have been spotted within Point Reyes National Seashore, and the Drakes-Limantour esteros provide the perfect habitat for most. Binoculars are highly recommended on this trail.
- Contributing Bibliographic Note: 'Drakes Estero, a superlative estuary in Point Reyes National Seashore'.
Camping and Backpacking Information
- Camping is by permit only. Camping permits must be obtained from the Bear Valley Visitor Center before starting your trip. If you've made a reservation and arrive after 5 p.m., a permit will be left for you in a small wooden box on the back side of the information board outside the Bear Valley Visitor Center.
- Campsites may be reserved up to three months in advance. To obtain a reservation, call 415.663.8054 between 9 am and 2 pm, Monday - Friday. Reservations by phone are not accepted at any other time. You may make reservations in person 7 days a week at the Bear Valley Visitor Center. You may also fax your reservation using our fax form and fax number: 415.464.5149.
- Wood fires are prohibited in hike-in campgrounds. Only gas stoves, charcoal or canned heat may be used for cooking. Downed wood may not be gathered and burned.
- Camping is limited to 4 nights per visit, with a maximum of 30 nights per year. The minimum age of any camper is 18 unless accompanied by an adult.
- Pets are not permitted in campgrounds. The maximum number of horses or pack animals in any campground is eight. Pack animals and horses must be tied to hitch rails.
Wildcat Camp - Campground Information
- Wildcat Camp is located in a coastal meadow between bluffs and the ocean. It's located 5.65 miles from Palomarin Trailhead, 7.8 miles from Bear Valley Trailhead, and 6.7 miles from Five Brooks Trailhead.
- There are 5 individual sites and 3 group sites; three of the individual sites only hold up to four people. Each individual site has a picnic table, food storage locker and charcoal grill. Group sites have two picnic tables, two food storage lockers and one large or two regular charcoal grills.
Glen Camp - Campground Information
- Glen Camp is located in a quiet wooded valley, 4.6 miles from the Bear Valley Visitor Center via the Bear Valley Trail and Glen Trail. To access via bicycle, start at the Five Brooks Trailhead and follow the Stewart Trail to the Glen Trail, then north to the Glen Camp Loop. This is 6.3 mile bike ride. No groups, horses, or pack animals are allowed at Glen Camp. There are 12 individual sites at Glen Camp.
Sky Camp - Campground Information
- Sky Camp is located on the west side of Mt. Wittenberg in open rolling meadows, 1.4 miles from the Sky Trailhead on Limantour Road. The site is located at 1,025'. On clear days it provides sweeping panoramas across Drakes Bay. Sky Camp has 11 individual sites and 1 group site.
Coast Camp - Campground Information
- Coast Camp is located in a small coastal valley, 1.8 miles south of the Laguna Trailhead via the Laguna and Firelane Trails. It's also accessible from the Coast Trailhead for a longer but easier 2.7 mile route that's open to bicycles.
- Coast Camp is located approximately 9.5 miles from the Bear Valley Visitor Center via the Bear Valley and Coast Trails. 12 individual sites and two group sites are available. Sites 1-7 are in a semi-protected canyon.
Rules and Regulations
- Dogs are not permitted on hiking trails in Point Reyes National Seashore.
Directions to Trailhead
From US 101 in Marin County, exit Sir Francis Drake/San Anselmo. Drive west on Sir Francis Drake about 20 miles to the junction with CA 1. Turn right. Drive 0.1 mile, and then turn left onto Bear Valley Road. After about 2 miles, Bear Valley Road ends at Sir Francis Drake; turn left. Continue on Sir Francis Drake about 7.5 more miles, then turn left at the sign "Estero Trail". Drive slowly (avoid free range cattle) about 1 more mile to the trailhead on the right side of the road.
Point Reyes National Seashore
1 Bear Valley Rd.
Point Reyes Station, CA 94956
Visitor Information: 415.464.5100 x2 or 415.663.8522 x2
Headquarters: 415.464.5100 x 1
Volunteer Information: 415.464.5145
Education Programs: 415.464.5139
Special Use Permits: 415.464.5111